agenesis, hourglass, migration, video laparoscopy
Z Shaher. Gallbladder Anomalies; Agenesis, Hourglass, And Liver Tissue Migration: A Multimedia Article. The Internet Journal of Surgery. 2004 Volume 7 Number 1.
Gallbladder anomalies divided into three groups : 1-anomalies of formation; Phrygian cap, bilobed , hourglass, diverticulum, and rudimentary gallbladder. 2-anomalies of number; agenesis, and duplication. 3-anomalies of position; left-side, retro displaced, transverse, floating, and intrahepatic gallbladder. The video shows two cases of gallbladder anomalies; agenesis, and hourglass gallbladder. The third case is migration of liver tissues to gallbladder fundus misdiagnosed by echography as gallbladder polyps.