J Chiu. Emerging Endoscopic Minimal Invasive Laser Spinal Surgery (lumbar, cervical and thoracic). The Internet Journal of Minimally Invasive Spinal Technology. 2006 Volume 1 Number 1.
A well designed digital Institutional Information System (IIS) including a Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS),
The rapid progress in endoscopic laser MISS has been facilitated by modern bio technology. There is a definite correlation between clinical findings, digital radiology, neuropsychological studies, MRI, CT, 3D virtual imaging, virtual spinal endoscopy, surgical findings and positive surgical results. Digital video game technology, heptic technology and surgical simulation will assist in the training of the minimally invasive spine surgeons