Role of Polyherbal formulation in modulating rumen biochemical and growth performance parameters in Calves
A Kolte, K Ravikanth, D Rekhe, S Maini
avrmf17, calves, physical examination, ruchamax, rumen liquor
A Kolte, K Ravikanth, D Rekhe, S Maini. Role of Polyherbal formulation in modulating rumen biochemical and growth performance parameters in Calves. The Internet Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 2008 Volume 6 Number 2.
The present study was conducted at Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, PGIVAS, Akola, Livestock Instructional Farm, with an objective to study the comparative efficacy of the herbal rumen ecology modulator Ruchamax and AV/RMF/16 (
India possesses 300 million cattle's population, contributes 13.8 per cent world population and producing more than 90 million tones of dairy products a year (Basic Animal Husbandry Statistic -2008). Ruminant digestion rumen ecology plays an important role in the fermentation process. Ruminal microflora plays important role in digestion of nutrients to produce volatile fatty acids & microbial proteins. Role of rumen microflora in digestion of nutrients in vital, so interactions of the normal microbial flora with the host can be manipulated to improve the efficiency of nutrient utilization in ruminant's animal. In Cow calves primary indigestion mostly arising from change in feed, over feeding and faulty feeding and feeding of stale and moldy feeds or accidental intake of large carbohydrate loss in production and even death in calf (Gnanapraksam, 1970). The common feature of digestive disturbances are increasing peristaltic movement of intestine and hyper secretion resulting in poor absorption of nutrient, dehydration and heavy loss of production (Pande, 2002). Rumen function modulator optimizes the population and activity of ruminal micro flora (both protozoa & bacteria). For efficient cellulose break down and digestion, it also facilitated maintenance of normal rumino-reticular and intestinal movement for proper maceration as well as the mixing and passage of ingesta and normal expulsions of gases. “Ruchamax” is one of the preparation uses as appetite stimulant and effective in restoration of ruminal micro flora and ruminal dysfunction (Pradhan and Biswas, 1994). It also facilitated optimal absorption and utilization of nutrients and thus improves feed conversion ratio, productivity and body weight gain. Current study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of herbal rumen ecology modulator that is Ruchamax and AV/RMF/17 (
Materials & Method
A study was conducted at Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, PGIVAS, Akola, Livestock Instructional Farm, with an objective to study the efficacy of digestive tonic & appetizer Ruchamax and polyherbal rumen function modulator AV/RMF/16 (new coded formulation
Results and Discussion
In physical examination of rumen liquor profile viz. colour, consistency and odour of rumen fluid were studied. The colour, consistency and odour in T1, T2 and T3 groups in calves on '0' day was greenish brown with watery consistency, slightly viscous and odour was slightly ammoniac. It was slightly putrid in some cases, which changed in treatment groups (T2& T3) to greenish brown with viscous consistency and aromatic odour from 7th day and remained up to 45th day post treatment. In normal healthy animal, rumen liquor was greenish brown in colour, viscous in consistency and aromatic in odour (Kelly, 1974 and Prasad, 1992). Ruchamax played an important role to restore normal colour, consistency and odour of rumen liquor (Lal
The mean rumen liquor TTA level in T1, T2 & T3 was 9.54 ± 0.42, 10.69 ± 0.79 & 10.7 8 ± 0.85 respectively (table 2). Normal rumen TTA ranges between 9-25 (Chakrabarti, 1988). TTA in treated groups observed to be increased on 7th day, suggesting the stomachic activity of polyherbal formulation that stimulates the population of propionate producing organism which enhances the TTA in rumen (Singh
The mean rumen liquor lactic acid level in T1, T2 & T3 was 3.48 ± 0.46 mg/dl, T2, 4.97 ± 0.75 mg/dl and 5.02 ± 0.71 mg/dl respectively (table 3). Rumen liquor lactic acid concentration in healthy animal ranges between 4.50 - 8.50 mg/dl of rumen liquor (Randhawa
Volatile fatty acids consider being major source of energy in ruminants and their production governed by microbial population in rumen (Singh
Analysis of growth & performance parameters revealed that the mean body weight gain in treatment groups T1, T2 & T3 were 3.52 ± 0.71 Kg. 4.04 ±0.68 Kg & 3.72 ± 0.67 Kg respectively. Ruchamax is an appetite stimulant digestive tonic containing 21 herbs and minerals, corrected and optimized digestion in bovines (Kirtikar & Basu, 1975, Chopra, 1956, Allardice, 1993, Anand
The animals treated with new polyherbal formulation showed significant (p<0.05) increase in body weight as compared to Ruchamax treated group & untreated control (T1). The mean feed conversion ratio (FCR) level in groups T1, T2 & T3 was 20.97 ± 1.92, 17.17 ± 1.46 & 18.65 ± 1.64 respectively. The post treatment values of T2 and T3 groups were lowered as compared to the value of control group (T1), indicating efficient nutrient utilization by the treated groups. Ruchamax as an appetite stimulant and digestive tonic, containing 21 herbs and minerals was highly effective in correcting and optimizing the digestion in bovines (Pradhan and Biswas, 1994). The efficacy of AV/RMF/17 observed to be more pronounced than T3 group i.e. treatment with Ruchamax on 45th day of post treatment period. This might be due to better stimulation of appetite and utilization of cellulose during digestive process and as a result of additive effective of the ingredient added in the preparation of AV/RMF/17.
Overall observation in this study indicated that new polyherbal formulation AV/RMF/17 and digestive tonic Ruchamax treatment were non- significantly efficacy in relation to physical examination of rumen liquor and rumen liquor profile, however, growth related parameter indicated significantly better efficacy of AV/RMF/17 in relation to body weight, FCR and body weight gain, comparatively less intake of feed than the animal treated with Ruchamax.
Authors are thankful to Associate Dean, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, PGIVAS, Akola, Maharashtra, India for providing research facility and to Ayurvet Limited, Baddi for providing samples to conduct research experiment.