R Lone, M Wani, A AHANGER, A Dar, Z Hussain, M BHAT, G LONE
R Lone, M Wani, A AHANGER, A Dar, Z Hussain, M BHAT, G LONE. Jejunojejunal Intussusception: An Unusual Complication Of Feeding Jejunostomy.. The Internet Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2008 Volume 14 Number 1.
Feeding jejunostomy is a very frequently performed procedure following oesophagogastrectomry , for early postoperative enteral feeding. Feeding catheter induced Jejunojejunal intussusceptions is an infrequent complication of feeding jejunostomy.
Only case reports has been published about jejunojejunal intussusception following feeding jejunostomy needing relaparotomy Zahur et al and Tsung-Hsien reported two separate cases of jejunojejunal intussusception from two different hospitals. Our series consists of three cases including one reported by Zahur et al.
Patients & Methods
Sheri-Kashmir institute of medical sciences is one of referral centres for surgical management of carcinoma oesophagus for the entire state of J&K. In all patients needing Oesophagogastrectomy , feeding jejunostomy was added for early enteral feeding. Patients in our setup cannot afford parentral nutrition due to low socioeconomic status . All these patients who underwent feeding jejunostomy were studied from Jan 2005 to Jan 2008 for surgical complications of feeding jejunostomy.
A total of 150 patients were operated for oesophagogastrectomy. All these patients underwent feeding jejunostomy for early enteral feeding in postoperative period. We start enteral feeding on 2nd post operative day.
Three patients presented with unremitting leakage in 2nd postoperative week at jejunostomy site who did not responded to conservative management. These patients also had abdominal pain and distension .These patients were explored for refashioning of jejunostomy. Jejunojejunal intussusception was found on exploration. Primary reduction of intussusception was done as there were no gangrenous changes in any of the patients.
All the three patients were re-explored for persistent leakage at jejunostomy site . Jejunojejunal intussusception was the operative finding in all the three patients. Patients were managed by primary reduction of intussusception.
Jejunostomy was refashioned in all the three patients. All these patients did well postoperatively and were discharged home. Jejunostomy catheter was removed after two weeks when oral feeds were started. We modified the technique of feeding jejunostomy by wrapping omentum around jejunostomy site and not inflating the balloon. Since then we did not had such a complication.
Jejunostomy is a surgical procedure in which a tube is inserted in to the proximal jejunum for enteral feeding. Most common complication of feeding jejunostomy are mechanical complication (dislocation, obstruction , migration,) ,Infections (cutaneous or intra abdominal abscess , peritonitis), gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting diarrhoea, constipation,) and metabolic (hyperglycaemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia) 1-8.
Jejunojejunal intussusception induced by jejunostomy catheter was first reported radiologically in a series of four patients with small bowel intussusception , three of whom had transient finding of delayed antegrade flow of contrast material 9. These patients did not had any clinical sign or symptom of intussusception and resolved spontaneously.
Case reports about feeding jejunostomy catheter induced jejunojejunal intussusception has been reported by Tsung-Hsien et al 10 and Zahur et al 11 in 2005 and 2006 respectively.
Jejunojejunal intussusception is a very rare complication of feeding jejunostomy which needs vigilant clinical suspicion in a patient of persistent leakage at jejunostomy site.