A Kumar, M Alkinj, A Aster, T Smith
A Kumar, M Alkinj, A Aster, T Smith. Technical note: The deep infrapatellar bursa release in Total Knee Arthroplasty for improved access. The Internet Journal of Orthopedic Surgery. 2007 Volume 8 Number 1.
A good exposure to access the knee joint is vital in the successful completion of a Total Knee Arthroplasty(TKA).Various approaches has been described in attempts to increase the exposure during a TKA. Everting the patella is usually a routine step in tricompartmental knee replacement surgery (
The deep infrapatellar bursa occupies the space between the patella tendon and the anterior aspect of the proximal tibia, proximal to the insertion of the patella tendon onto the tibial tuberosity (Fig.1).
In an average sized adult knee there is roughly 2 finger-breadth of space between the tibial plateau and the insertion of the patellar tendon on the tibial tuberosity (Fig. 2).
Once a medial parapatellar approach is made, the medial aspect of the patellar tendon is identified. In most arthritic knees warranting a knee replacement, the deep infrapatellar bursa would be seen fibrosed and it would be stuck to the anterior aspect of the tibia. This would limit the excursion of the tendon while trying to evert the patella. A knife is inserted into the space between the patellar tendon and the anterior aspect of the tibia with the sharp edge directed towards the joint line. The infrapatellar tissue is released by the knife from inferior to superior (figure3).
This additional step makes the patellar tendon more relaxed and eversion of the patella can be easily facilitated. The senior author (TS) has done more than 1500 total knee arthroplasties using this technique. We recommend this procedure as a routine step in all total tricompartmental knee arthroplasties.
AJ Shyam Kumar, Flat-23, Rhos Gwyn, 493 Abergele road, Colwyn bay, United Kingdom LL29 9AE Tel: 0044 1492518842 Fax: 0044 1492518842 E mail: firstname.lastname@example.org