Cultivation Of Mushroom (Pleurotus Florida) By Using Two Different Agricultural Wastes In Laboratory Condition
P Narayanasamy, P Suganthavel, P Sabari, D Divya, J Vanchinathan, M Kumar
and humidity., cotton waste, mushroom, paddy straw, plerotus florida
P Narayanasamy, P Suganthavel, P Sabari, D Divya, J Vanchinathan, M Kumar. Cultivation Of Mushroom (Pleurotus Florida) By Using Two Different Agricultural Wastes In Laboratory Condition. The Internet Journal of Microbiology. 2008 Volume 7 Number 2.
An approach for cultivation of paddy straw and cotton mushroom (
Mushroom is a non-traditional horticultural crop having high quality of proteins, high fibre value, vitamins and minerals. World produces 61.16 lakh of cultivated mushroom annually. Paddy straw mushroom (
This Mushroom is widely grown for food in the orient owing its excellent flavor, taste and nutrients compared to any other edible mushroom
Paddy straw and cotton is available abundantly in Pollachi region in Tamil nadu, India. In this study we used water hyacinth as a supplement to paddy straw to evaluate this aquatic plant on the of production Pleurotus florida mushroom.
Materials and Methods
Organism and Culture conditions
Paddy Straw Cultivation Method
Fresh, good quality paddy starw bits (4.5cm) were soaked in water for upto 12 – 24 hrs and dried. Paddy straw packed into 2 meters height of polypropylene bags and autoclaved at 150 pressure.
Sterilized paddy straw is filled in fresh polythene bags of size about 5cm height. A layer of spawn is added above paddy straw layer. The procedure is repeated until 3/4th height of polythene bag is filled up. Then the holes are made through out the bag to allow aeration. The filled bags are incubate 21 C - 23 C with sufficient light and humidity for 20 – 30 days and water sprayed the bags twice a day through out spawn running period.
Cotton Waste Cultivation Method
The Materials was taken cotton waste (2500g), wheat bran (25g). The waste materials were then thoroughly mixed with water until adequate moisture content was obtained. After mixing, the substrate was then packed in small nylon bags (400g), tied with rubber bands, and sterilized.
After sterilization, the bags were allowed to cool in the laboratory and each bag was inoculated with 40g spawn (1% total weight). The inoculated substrate bags were placed on the laboratory bench and covered with dark polythene sheet for incubation.
After full ramification, the bags were exposed in the growth room by removing the rubber bands and opening the top of the nylon bags. Watering was adequately done to increase the relative humidity of the environment to enhance sporophore emergence
Result and Discussion
The results indicated that the spawn running was completed in the bags 10 to 14 days and pinheads appeared on the 19th – 20th. Pinheads turned into leaf like 23rd day and the first harvest was made at about 26 – 28 days. The second harvest will be another 4 or 5 days.
In order to find out the effective bag, observations on the mushroom formed in the each side of the bags were recorded.
The results were good in irrespective period. The mean yield of trial was ½ kg/bag. The C:B ratio worked out of 1:2.3(table 1).
The growth of Pleurotus florida in Cotton waste mixed with wheat bran produced higher yield (74.35g) than Paddy straw (51.38g). The incubation period to the emergence of sporophores was longer for cotton waste mixed with wheat bran (seven weeks) compared to that for the Paddy straw (Four weeks). The main substrate material alone sometimes cannot provide enough nitrogen required for optimal growth of mushrooms. Additives such as rice or wheat bran provide a nitrogen source (Choi, 2004). Amounts of supplements that should be added varies with the substrate chosen. Oei (2003) suggested a range of 5-10% wheat bran. Choi (2004) also reported that if cotton waste is chosen as the main substrate material for Oyster mushroom cultivation, a nitrogen source such as rice bran should be supplemented. Nitrogen is converted to ammonia nitrogen and Beyer and Wilkinson (2002) found a direct correlation between substrate ammonia content and subsequent growth of mushrooms.
Cotton waste is the material that is discarded during the processing of harvested cotton seed to produce oil and other materials in the industry. Cotton waste is readily available in Pollachi, especially in the north where the majority of cotton is grown. Wheat bran is the outer part of the wheat grain removed during processing. Addition of this very inexpensive supplement increases the dietary fibre of the produced mushroom. Utilization of agro-industrial wastes makes mushroom cultivation a good fit in sustainable farming (Oei, 2005).
Mushroom cultivation, apart from being a source of food production, can be a means of livelihood and a source of economic empowerment for women in both urban and rural areas, and for small holder farmers.
The present results indicate that paddy straw mushroom can be cultivated in laboratory condition. This will enable the farmer to get extra income and more protein harvest from his agricultural waste. This system will minimize the cost of production compared with other mushroom cultivation method.