R Y?lmazer, M Ulusan, T Kumral, Y Suoglu
aneursym, ijv, occipital bone, transverse sinus
R Y?lmazer, M Ulusan, T Kumral, Y Suoglu. Aneurysm Of The Internal Jugular Veın And Transverse Sınus Assocıated Wıth Occıpıtal Bone Erosıon. The Internet Journal of Head and Neck Surgery. 2008 Volume 3 Number 2.
Internal Jugular Vein (IJV) aneurysm is exceedingly rare anomaly.Written data on this anomaly is rare in liteature.This report presents a case of IJV aneurym associated with transvers sinus aneurysm and occipital bone erosion.
Anomalies of IJV are infrequently encountered in the literature. It has been described by various names as; phlebectasia, congenital venous cyst. IJVaneurysms usually present in childhood with asymptomatic mass in the neck which increase its size with valsalva maneuver , coughing,strainig etc. We report a case of IJV aneurysm associated with transvers sinus aneurysm and occipital bone erosion,that this combination is the first in literature.
A 58 year old woman presented with non-pulsatile mass in her neck.It had been present for 3 months but the erosion on her occipital bone exists from the birth. The patient was born after normal pregnacy and delivery without any special neonatal events. Beside this she has no symptoms and no history of previous trauma or surgery. The mass increases its size with increased intrathoracic pressure (Fig. 1) .The mass is located at the left lower third of her neck below the sternocleidomastoid muscle. It is size is approximately 5x3 cm.
In her digital substraction angiography examination, there were fusiform dilatation and irregularities in left transverse sinus and transversosigmoid junction level.Filling defect seen in sigmoid sinus, jugular bulbus and internal jugular vein.Cervical MRI and MRI angiography shows aneurysmatic dilatation in left transverse sinus and left internal juguler vein (Fig 2).On CT examination, a bony erosion starting form the left squamous part of the occipital bone and continuing to the occipitomastoid junction was noted and thought to be caused by the aneurysm (Fig 3).
Since the patient has no symptom except appearance and the neck mass appears only in Valsalva conditions and surgery will have high morbidity ,the patient taken into yearly follow up visits.
Venous aneurysms especially in the neck are very rare conditions. In the literature Harris first described a case of congenital venous cyst in 1928 ¹. Since then there has been few reported cases. Most of the İJV aneurysms are located at the left side and have a fusiform morphology.2,5
The differential diagnosis of non-pulsatile neck masses include thyroglossal duct cysts,cystic hygroma,branchial cleft cyst,laryngocele,pharyngocele,dermoid cyst,cervical adenitis, thyroid mass, AVM, and cystic degeneration of tumors3,5 .Especially diagnosis of venous aneurysms should be suspected when the mass enlarges its size with increased intrathoracic pressure. Etiology is not clear. It can be traumatic,inflammatory or congenital. 5Diagnosis; color duplex USG, dynamic MRI, and venography2 .Mostly diagnosis is clear by USG.
Pathology; all three layers of normal vein wall are present in venous aneurysms3. But elastic and muscular layer thinning may be seen3,4,5 .Thrombus may or may not be present5.
This is the first case in the literature that have cranial bone erosion,transeverse sinus and İJV aneursym combination.
There has been no report of rupture or thromboembolic complication of İJV aneurysm so only indication for surgery is cosmetic reasons. 3,4
In our case also we preferred clinical follow-up.