Burst Abdomen Complicated By Ileo-Ileal Intussusception In A Post-Myomectomy Nigerian Woman – Report Of A Case
E E Akpo
burst abdomen, intussusception, nigerian woman, post-myomectomy
E E Akpo. Burst Abdomen Complicated By Ileo-Ileal Intussusception In A Post-Myomectomy Nigerian Woman – Report Of A Case. The Internet Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2013 Volume 8 Number 1.
Background: Burst abdomen is a rare emergency with known attributable causal factors. However, Ileo-ileal intussusception complicating a burst abdomen following a myomectomy has never been reported in the world literature. This paper presents the case of a burst abdomen complicated by ileo-ileal intussusception in a post-myomectomy patient.
Case Report: The case of a 32-year old Nigerian woman who had a conventional open myomectomy, developed a burst abdomen coexisting with intussusception is presented.
Results: The patient did well after reduction, discharged from hospital after six days and followed-up for one year with no evidence of recurrence.
Conclusion: Vigilance on the bowel while working in the pelvic region is recommended. Additionally, predisposing factors to burst abdomen should always be prevented particularly the surgeon’s factors.
Burst abdomen is a rare emergency in surgical practice with known aetiologic factors. Its occurrence is dreaded not only by the patient but also frightening to by-standers alike. On the other hand, intussusception which usually entails telescoping of the proximal part of the intestine into a distal segment, is commoner in children in the lieal region. In children it is usually benign and without a lead point. In adults, the ileo-ileal type is rare
A 32-year old Nigerian woman was referred to the surgical unit having developed a complete wound dehiscence with evisceration in the ward while attempting to see-off relatives that came visiting (Figure 1). Prior to this episode, she had a conventional open myomectomy six days earlier. No history of chronic constipation, diarrhea, cough, abdominal distention or use of enemas. She had commenced oral feeds on the third post-myomectomy day and was being scheduled for discharge on the seventh post-operative day when she developed the burst abdomen on the sixth day.
Examination revealed an anxious-looking woman, not pale and not dehydrated or febrile. The vital signs were stable. The abdomen showed a complete wound dehiscence with evisceration of the small bowel and omentum (Figure 1). The post-operative notes indicated that the gynecologist closed the fascia with chromic 1 catgut using a continuous suturing technique. The patient had saline-soaked gauze dressing applied over the eviscerated bowel loops and was prepared for immediate closure.
At surgery, a formal exploration was done after copious irrigation of the eviscerated bowel loops. An ileo-ileal intussusception was noted 45cm from the ileoceacal junction with 22cm bowel loop already telescoped (Figure 2).
Ileo-ileal intussusception 45cm from ileoceacal junction with 22cm bowel loop already telescoped. Note the left hand on the lead point.
The intussusception was reduced in the usual fashion and the abdomen closed with monofilament nylon 1 suture using the continuous mass closure technique with vicryl 3/0 subcuticular stitches applied to the skin.
The patient did well and was discharged on the seventh post-operative day. She was followed up for one year in the out-patient department without any evidence of recurrence.
Burst abdomen occurs in 1% of all abdominal operations with 10% mortality. Its peak incidence occurs between 6th and 8th postoperative day. The predisposing factors are well documented and classified into pre-operative (patient
There is the need to look out for untoward bowel pathologies, that may coexist, when working in the pelvic region. This will obviate the need for re-opening of the patient, the attendant complications and psychological challenges. All attempts must be made to avoid the predisposing factors to burst abdomen particularly the surgeon