S Soogarun, J Suwansaksri, V Wiwanitkit
S Soogarun, J Suwansaksri, V Wiwanitkit. A Note On Survival Of Infective Stage Larva Of Gnathostoma Spp. In BME Culture Medium. The Internet Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2004 Volume 2 Number 2.
Dear editor, human gnathostomiasis in an important tropical parasitic infection (1). The major manifestation as nodular migratory eosinophilic panniculitis is suggested for this disease. More severe presentations, resulting from visceral larva migran, such as ocular and CNS gnathostomiasis are also reported. The diagnosis is confirmed by identification of the parasite from the pathological specimen. However, it is difficult to get the histological diagnosis, therefore, the immunological diagnosis for this infection is necessary.
We used 48 L3 harvesting from standard acid digestion of eel's viscera as described in our recent report (4) for this experiment. These larva were culture in BME culture medium (Gibco, Grand Island, N.Y., U.S.A.): preparation of this medium was done by using one pack of BME powder (9.2 gm) dissolved in 1 litre of distilled water and adjusted to pH 7.2-7.4 by NaHCO3. Sterilization was done by 0.45 µm millipore membrane filtration. Of interest, after a week of cultivation, we could detect 41 survived L3 giving the survival rate of 85.4 %. Therefore, using the BME culture media for cultivated of the derived L3 from pepsin digestion can help prolong the period in using the L3 for antigen preparation.