L Sak, E Zubairov, P Chernyakov, D Kats
L Sak, E Zubairov, P Chernyakov, D Kats. CT-guided Disc Surgery. The Internet Journal of Minimally Invasive Spinal Technology. 2006 Volume 1 Number 1.
1. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar nucleotomy (232 pts).
2. Percutaneous endoscopic transspinal hernioectomy (86 pts).
3. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar nucleotomy via the axis of the ileac bone (14 pts).
4. Combination of endoscopic nucleotomy and laser decompression (112 pts).
Indications and contraindications have been described in detail in literature. The manipulation has been undertaken in an operation room equipped by CT using spinal navigation system. The operation included the following stages: CT discography, the working tube control, endoscopic nucleotomy, post-operation CT.